Early Childhood Development

Stability, family support, and safety from trauma foster healthy human development and long-term flourishing. To fulfill those basic needs during early childhood requires the collaboration of communities, schools, and human service agencies. Interventions in early childhood, especially among children who need the most help, can generate long-lasting cognitive, behavioral, academic, and health benefits.[1] This section reviews equity indicators related to the first few years of children’s lives, a critical period for a variety of outcomes.[2] The indicators include the number of homeless public-school children, adverse childhood experiences, and youth poverty. The Live Well San Diego Report Card on Children, Families, and Community has a much broader set of indicators that may be of interest for readers wanting further exploration of data about this crucial period of life.[3]
Other indicators related to early childhood development can be found in Crime and the Legal System (See: Juvenile Justice Arrests) and Education (See: 3- and 4-Year-Olds Enrolled in School, Standardized Assessment Performance, English Language Learners, and Suspensions).

  1. Nores, M., & Barnett, W. S. (2010). Benefits of early childhood interventions across the world: (Under) Investing in the very young. Economics of Education Review, 29(2), 271–282. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2009.09.001
  2. Jeong, J., Franchett, E. E., Ramos de Oliveira, C. V., Rehmani, K., & Yousafzai, A. K. (2021). Parenting interventions to promote early child development in the first three years of life: A global systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Medicine, 18(5), e1003602. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003602
  3. McBrayer, S., & Mostofi, S. (2021). Live Well San Diego Report Card on Children, Families, and Community. Retrieved from https://www.thechildrensinitiative.org/_files/ugd/17d248_6f8d9c9c150a4588acce41bff445a01e.pdf
Updated February 7, 2024